Real Science Shames Darwin

It’s time to EVOLVE – beyond the mythologic and pseudo-scientific thinking! 

(Romans 1:18-32)

Archaeological Evidence Demonstrating The Reality Of God, The Rock Moses Struck And Water Came Out!

The Real Rea Sea Crossing 

Ancient Egyptian chariots wheels found strewn across the 500 ft. submerged land bridge (found on both sides)!

Why I Hate Religion, But Love Jesus || Spoken Word

The Reality of Natural Laws

FACT – All natural laws must work together in unison for the great complexity we observe that allows for the structural and functional mechanisms for existence, as well as the ongoing survival of all the living organisms we see around us, including ourselves.

LOGIC – [a=b, b=a]  
[True ≠ False]  The Law of Non-contradiction – something cannot be both true and false at the same time.

MATH – [a+b=b+a] Then, built upon logic is mathematics.  What would our universe be without the ability to count?  Then, built upon math is physics.

PHYSICS – [E=MC2] Rules of light, energy, gravity and motion.  Laws which are foundational to the laws of chemistry and and biology.

These laws make a universe started by accident impossible!  Why? Because the natural order of these laws works against life, breaking it down continuously over time, not building it up [the 2nd Law of Thermodynamics or Entropy].

Thus, all life as we know it had to be intelligently and powerfully orchestrated in the beginning for any of it, including ourselves, to even be here.  This is what the first law of biology, the Law of Biogenesishas always taught us that life only comes from life. Only those who seek to be lawless believe otherwise. Read through this web page to view a portion of the astounding and powerful evidence from science that supports the biblical worldview and the God of the Bible.   

Further, creation has been demonstrated by many discoveries, like: oxygen being found in abundance in the earth’s foundational rocks, meaning it was present at the beginning, meaning life was formed instantly from the start (because oxygen would destroy the model for the early stages of evolution)!  The fictions invented by naturalists about mutations and time, both actually prove the opposite scientifically of what is claimed by these atheistic myth tellers (Oh, my)! 

God made the worlds … upholding all things by the word of his power – Hebrews 1:2-3. He is not going away just because people made up stories to say He isn’t real.

Skeptical?  This link is another great place to have your questions answered!
Josh McDowell, a former angry and bitter atheist, abused and humiliated by his drunken father as a child, became a man on a mission to prove Christianity wrong, he went looking for the evidence to silence a belief he despised, but he did not find what the expected.  Go to his website and see what he found, if you are looking for REAL answers, not more excuses.

Here it will be demonstrated SCIENTIFICALLY that Darwinian Evolution is the most unscientific, irrational religious cult on the planet, with no apologies to the atheists that worship and hide behind this religious alter!  When speaking of “atheists”, on this website, it is generally in reference to those individuals who have shamelessly and deliberately distorted, hidden and denied the overwhelming scientific evidences for the express purpose of willful deception to perpetuate their belief system (a blind faith religion) upon others, for their own position and prosperity.  These people are the world’s foremost hypocrites and they do not deserve any respect or honor among men for pushing the greatest lie ever foisted upon the minds of humanity.

The truth is “Atheists” really don’t exist!  This is true because to be a genuine atheist, a person would have to have all the knowledge in the universe, in order to know God did not exist.  It would be very generous to say that all of the collective knowledge humanity contains would be about 5% of what is in the universe, and for any single human to have 1% of it would be extraordinary.  Therefore, saying that there is no God is a pure statement of blind faith.  Since such knowledge cannot be achieved from within humanity’s ability to know, these people are truly agnostics (without knowledge).  Yet, there are two types of agnostics, the ordinary and the ornery.  The ordinary agnostic tries to look at evidence and they allow it to speak for itself.  The ornery agnostic has already decided their position without the evidence, and no amount of evidence to the contrary of that biased opinion will ever alter it.

European Albino


Yes, actually they are related and although it is a distant relation, it is true!  The straight fact of the matter is that all of us are closely related to each other as part of the human race.  Since this makes us all relatives, there is an important message in this for us.  This is simply a short commentary to inform people about our shared and true heritage, which is something most everyone would already be well acquainted with, if a great effort was not being made to keep us from understanding it.

The unrevised historical evidence tells us that all humans are related to one another and there is only one “race”, the human race.  Even modern science now agrees with what the undistorted chronological record has always taught us.  For genetics now demonstrates to us that, even among the most varied extremes within the human species (i.e., size, shape, color, etc.), there is no more than 0.003% of a difference in our genetic makeup, proving we are all related and originating from the same source, and that the variations only began to be dispersed a few thousand years ago!  The slight difference of 0.003% is what merely gives us all our unique features and identity, but the rest is basically the same (i.e., our many various organs, bones, vessels, tendons, blood cells, nervous system, etc.).

This may make some people uncomfortable, but they need to make an internal examination as to why.  For if this truth were proclaimed throughout the world, it could birth a positive and beneficial perspective from which we could evaluate and carry out our actions toward one another.  All the race baiting in the media would have to stop and people would have to examine the real motives behind those who would make excuses to mistreat their relatives. 

The fact is when scientists did the math, they found that the slight 0.003% diversity we observe in our gene pool was achieved in about 6000 years!  Additionally, when scientists did the math for population growth, factoring in all the variables of war, famine, disease, etc., from the time of Noah (about 4,500 years ago) until today, starting with the eight people in Noah’s family that came off the ark, they came to a little over 6 billion peopleConversely, if we do the same math, starting about two million years ago (the evolutionary revisionist invention of “earliest” human history), the number of humans on this planet would be stacked side-by-side, like sardines in a can!!!  Now, look around you.  How many people do you see on the Earth?  Maybe it’s time to start trusting our eyes for a change, instead of all the naturalistic lies we’ve been told!

Dear cousin, true history traces all of our roots back to Mt. Ararat and Noah’s family, and yes, through Noah back to Adam and Eve, the first man and woman of the human race created by God.  The global flood in Noah’s day easily accounts for the vast majority of what we observe in the geologic strata, as science now reveals that the Earth’s sedimentary layers were laid down through vigorous water action over a very brief period of time

This is just one small nugget, from a mountain of evidence that explains humanity’s true origin. Unfortunately, everything in science and history is being distorted and reworked to fit the atheistic/materialistic worldview, which desperately seeks to write our personal Creator out of the picture, because the sinful heart of man does not want to be reminded that we are accountable to the Holy God who made us, and that we are not “basically good” and neither are we truly in good standing with Him because of our sin (wrongdoing).

If this were the whole picture then things would be very bleak indeed.  However, God loves us and sent His Son Jesus Christ to die a substitutionary, sinless, sacrificial death for our sin [because sin requires a death penalty to be paid (Romans 6:23)] to provide a way back for us to be in proper relationship with Him; because our connection was broken by our choice to rebel against God, in our attempt to live independently from His authority and protection over us. 

This current life we are now living is mainly about our opportunity to choose to be restored back into a correct relationship with our Creator, or not, by our accepting or rejecting His method of restoration for us through the blood sacrifice of His Son Jesus Christ, by which we can receive total forgiveness for our sin against God, thus saving our souls from the coming judgment and destruction.  Those who make Jesus their Lord and Savior are covered by His sinless blood sacrifice for them and given the gift of eternal life with God in heaven.  Those who reject God’s way, through Jesus (John 14:6), must pay for their own sins, forever separated from God in a lake of fire and brimstone (Acts 4:12, Philippians 2:10-11 & Revelation Chs. 19 & 20).  Jesus Himself made this very clear, giving many strong warnings to all who would listen, as His blood is the only solvent capable of removing sin off of our soul (John 8:24).

Although this article doesn’t come close to answering the multitude of questions about the subjects of origins and accountability, hopefully it will start you on a personal quest to find out what really is true.  Seek (pray to) the true Creator, God Almighty, for the answers and do not look to the so-called “wisdom” of men’s opinions or religion that says you have to do good works of your own to make God happy.  In authentic sincerity, ask God to make Himself real to you and for Him to show you what is true.  For those who seek God with an honest heart, and don’t try to craft Him into their own image, will find Him.  The rest, unfortunately, will die in their sins (John 3:36).

Jesus, referring to Himself said, “For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whoever believes in Him should not perish, but have eternal life.  He who believes in Him is not judged; he who does not believe has been judged already, because he has not believed in the name of the only begotten Son of God.” –John 3:16,18

To learn more about the truth of our actual origin and knowing your Creator access this link and use the SEARCH box for the topic of interest:

Answering “who created God”, with science and reason.

 Everything we experience in the natural world has a beginning.  So, the skeptic muses and asks, “If God created everything, then who created God?”  It is an interesting thing that such skeptics claim they will only accept scientific explanations, but once they are given one, they simply ignore it and jump to another question they think no one has an answer for.  In other words, they are not looking for real answers; rather they are only seeking excuses.  However, because there are some who might benefit, the question of who created God should be answered in terms that can be reasonably understood.

The secret to understanding the answer to this question starts with a correct knowledge about TIME, which most do not comprehend very well.  The reason for the misunderstanding about time comes from our limited everyday observations and lack of being fully educated about the way time works.

For instance, most people are not aware that time is directly affected by gravity, and they view time as a constant through their limited experience.  This is one great case to show us that what we experience (feel and even see) is not always reliable or accurate.  When scientists placed an atomic clock at sea level and another one on the top of a mountain, they were able to show that time is expressed at different rates.  The clock at sea level was slower, as it was affected, or slowed down, by gravity.  Thus, proving time is not really a constant reality, as most people think it is.  But what this further proved was that time is a dimension, which has limitations and boundaries.

To explain this further in a better way, all one would have to do is venture near a white or black hole in outer space.  Physics demonstrates that the intense gravity that would be produced by these phenomenon can alter time, even to the point of literally making time stand still!  The point at which this happens is called the Event Horizon, which exists on the outer edge of the hole.

A quick side note here:  God most likely created and expanded the universe out of a white hole (just as well known in the scientific community as black holes, but rarely discussed because of the implications that coincide with the Bible’s account of creation). A white hole achieves the opposite of a black whole, which sucks everything around it into it by its massive gravitational force.  A white hole throws matter out, and with the Earth positioned at, or very near, the event horizon, as “God stretched forth the heavens” (mentioned over a dozen times in the ancient Scriptures), the stars would appear to be very old, yet actually be just as young as the Earth itself due to the distortion of the dimension of time.  

The sun is shrinking at a constant rate and if the Earth had been here even a million years ago, then the sun would have made life impossible, because it would have been too close and cooked the planet.  The moon is moving away from the Earth at a constant rate as well.  If the Earth was very old at all there would have been catastrophic tidal problems from the affects of the moon’s gravity being much closer, which would have wreck havoc for life on our planet due to the multiplied affect of gravity’s inverse square law, which greatly intensifies the pull of gravity when two objects are closer together.  The movie ‘Interstellar’ touches on these scientific concepts of time and gravity.

The point to grasp here is that God created TIME as simply one other dimension that gives humans a length of measured existence in which to operate in the natural realm; just as the dimensions of height, width and depth provide the 3-D space for us to maneuver within.  This is why scientists refer to time as the fourth dimension.  

We are as much contained within time in the physical realm as we are in the three dimensions that give us our space.  God is not bound by the natural dimensions of height, width, depth or time He created, any more than we are bound by a garage we may build.  We can move in and out of the garage freely and do all sorts of special projects in the garage we might wish to do, but we are not limited to the garage.  Thusly, God is not limited by the dimension of time, unlike humans who are currently limited and contained within it, while we are alive in our natural bodies.  Yet, when our time expires (which is a unique and often individualized feature of time’s dimensional interaction with the other natural dimensions), then we transition out of the natural realm (that is bound in time) into the supernatural or ever present (eternal) realm.  The body stays behind and continues within the other natural dimensions, usually entering into the process of decay, because it is just an outer shell of who we are.  But, the soul crosses over, with God giving us another body at a particular point that will operate in the supernatural realm; a body that will be far superior to the one we currently possess.

God exists in the supernatural, ever present (eternal) realm that is not bound by time.  Therefore, the answer is that God has always been.  This is exactly how God described Himself to Moses in the burning bush that was not consumed by the fire.  When Moses asked His name, God answered, I AM that I AM, which in the Hebrew simply meant, I am ever present and eternal.  It’s the distortion of time and our current placement and experience within the natural dimensions that includes time, which makes us wrongly believe God needs a beginning.   Again, this is hard for the natural mind, bound up in the natural dimensions to grasp, but the ever-present realm just is and always has been, and our soul was connected to it the moment God created us.  I suspect God created the natural realm from the energy that exists in the supernatural, ever present realm, as this would explain the tremendous energy bound up within the atoms that are the building blocks for the natural realm.  This follows the first law of thermodynamics as well, which tells us that energy is neither created or destroyed, just transferred.

With God creating mankind in His image, we were made with a connection to the ever-present realm (our spirit).  This is why humans, and not any of any the animals, are instinctively religious, because we know there is something more to our existence; that we are a part of something beyond our life in this natural world.  This is why we don’t see lions, bear, birds or rhinos making alters or doing religious rituals like humans do.

This truth further explains why people who were clinically dead for hours, and even days in some cases, have sometimes come back to life and they have stories to tell about their experience in the eternal realm outside of the natural dimensions we currently know.  There have been thousands upon thousands of testimonies of a “hyper-reality” from these out of body experiences, which would not happen if the natural realm was all there is, because it would be just like being knocked out cold and then waking up with no memory of any event at all, especially for those who were not just “dead”, but registered as being completely brain dead, and then came back to life.

To sum up:  Science points us to the limits of the parameters of the natural realm and the real possibility of the very present (eternal) realm. Additionally, many people have crossed over and come back testifying to the reality of this supernatural realm. The Bible records the accurate history of both God and angels crossing over into the natural realm and interacting with it as well.  Evidence of the crossing at the Red Sea, God splitting the rock (a giant ~60 foot bolder) and making water come out of it and the burned mountain top of Mt. Sinai in southwestern Saudi Arabia, where God appeared and gave the Ten Commandments to Moses, among other artifacts, like the alter of the golden calf, have all been found there.  Video footage of these evidences can be easily googled and found on YouTube.  Sadly though, for many, they won’t search for it to see the proof, because they are like a hardened criminal who has no interest in finding a cop. They don’t want anything to do with God, even though He would forgive and redeem them.

The real issue is not weather a supernatural, ever present realm exists.  No, the important thing is honestly facing that time will end for each of us, for we will all encounter a transition out of the dimension of time at some point, because we cannot cheat death. Further more, God wrote eternity on our heart, but He also wrote His law on our heart (the moral understanding of right and wrong).  This makes us accountable to our Creator, which is really the actual stumbling block for the skeptic, not the lack of a great deal of the evidence that is available scientifically, historically, archeologically and prophetically, but rather the willful suppression of it.  This is crazy, because time is running out on us all, so we can’t avoid our date with destiny by pretending otherwise or remaining in stubborn denial.

Most people are uneasy about this transition because they really don’t honestly know how they will completely stack up with God, even if they consider themselves to be a good person (which the Ten Commandments quickly nullifies). Others are terrified of the thought of death, because they just intuitively sense they are not completely right with God.  The uncomfortable feeling is there for a good reason, because when a person is totally righteous in God, on His terms, that uncertain feeling will stop nagging them.

God has said He will end time somewhere around the end of about 7000 years of dealing with mankind.  So, the next question would hopefully be, how does a person make sure they are in good standing with the Creator?  The answer is simple, but not easy.  We have sinned against our Holy (perfectly righteous) Creator (lied, stolen, lusted, coveted, used His name in vain, not always put Him first, etc. – from the Ten Commandments).  We might want to make our sin out to be not such a big deal, or compare ourselves to others and say we aren’t that bad, but God does not grade on a curve.  He has told us that the wages of sin is death.  Thus, we have thousands upon thousands of death penalties to pay for and no righteous judge will dismiss multiple death sentences, not even based on other forms of “good” behavior we may have done.

This is the bad news, because we are all guilty and we will be condemned to Hell (the eternal second death, separated from God, who is LIFE) to pay for our sins when time runs out for us.  But there is good news, God knew we would be in this troublesome place and unable to pay our debts.  And yes, He even put us in a position where He knew we would fail, but He would offer to rescue us, to see who would love Him for who He is, not just for His power and riches.  God has loved us from the start and He does not want us to suffer in the eternal state apart from Him. So, God made a way for us to have the payment for our sins paid in full, that we could be with Him forever; perfected, happy, free, joyful and living life to the fullest.  Do you know what He did for us?

First, God gave us free will choice, to chose our own destiny, because He wanted real relationships, not robots.  Second, and more importantly, God so love you personally that He sent only His son, Jesus Christ, to suffer and die in your place. Jesus lived a hard life as a poor, manual laborer at the bottom end of society for about thirty years and then ministered for three years perfectly without sin.  Then, He suffer horribly and died a brutal death, completely innocent of any wrongdoing on His part, to make the full payment for the penalty of our sins, making a complete pardon for you 2000 years ago on the cross. He would have done this for you even if you were the only one on the planet, because that’s how much He loves you. If you will believe that Jesus did this for you, repent of your sin, ask Him to forgive you and to come into you, to be the Lord of your life, then you will receive God’s mercy and gracious gift of eternity with Him, because He will literally possess you; come inside you, bond to you and live with you forever.

God is real and eternity is certain.  The only question is where you will spend your existence in the ever present, eternal realm?  The choice is up to you.  Choose well.

P.S. I realize that this explanation is only a partial answer, as it does not explain how the supernatural, ever present realm exists.  Yet, it does explain the reality of the intermingling of the natural and ever-present realms.  But it does not explain how God is this great all-powerful Spirit that can create a spiritual existence out of nothing (men and angels) and that they are unique individuals apart from God and accountable to Him.  The fact is we only know what we have been given to know, or discover.  Whatever God chooses to withhold from us, we simply cannot know.  I have confidence that those who love Him and submit to Him will one day have all their questions answered.  Part of God’s test of love is to trust Him – that He is good, and that He has our best interests in mind, like a good, loving father does with their child, even though a child often does not understand why.  This is the reason it is written in the Holy Scriptures; without faith it is impossible to please God.  However, this is objective faith, based on what He has demonstrated to us, through the beauty of His creation and the good things we have been able to experience in this life.  God does not ask for blind faith, for that only comes from the religionists and atheists who twist reality and God into something both it and He are not.

But as many as received Him, to them He gave the right to become the children of God – John 1:12 

The Foundation Is Destroyed And

The Next Generation Is Lost

The proof is in the eating of the pudding:  According to a Barna survey on “teenagers and spirituality” it was stated that, “In total, 83% of teens maintain that moral truth depends on the circumstances, and only 6% of all teens between 13-18 years old believe that moral truth is absolute.  When it comes to believing in absolute truth, only 9% of born again teens believe in moral absolutes and just 4% of the non-born again teens believe that there are moral absolutes (2001).*

Caryl Matrisciana and Josh McDowell have been reporting that 75% to 85%, respectively, of Christian, churched youth that attend public education are turning their backs on the faith by their first year in College!  Also, see the web article “The Indoctrinator”, which tells about a similar phenomenon of how 80% of college students are being robbed of their faith at:

 These survey statistics demonstrate a huge shift away from the influence of the traditional, biblical worldview in our culture, over to a dominating seduction and general acceptance of the atheistic worldview.  We are at a very critical place in the battle for our culture, as to which one of these two religious worldviews will have control over the minds of the people.  I am convinced that if we don’t act with immediate decisiveness, the battle will soon be over and what has become a post-Christian era in the Western world, may quickly become known as a hostile anti-Christian age.

The Church has had a fatal attraction to atheistic pseudo-science, much like Samson had a fatal attraction to Delilah.  The atheists have been bent on destroying the foundation of biblical faith and the statistics prove that they have successfully found the secret to undermining the strength of Christian belief.  By “discrediting” a literal Genesis with long periods of time, they accomplished making sin a relative issue and therefore, the need for a Redeemer from that sin entirely meaningless.  It is time for the Church to realize that the past compromises with the pseudo-scientific ideas of theistic evolution, progressive creation, the gap theory, the day age idea, a local flood, etc. are no longer scientifically defensible, as Darwin’s theory is now completely dead and archaic as the idea of the moon being made of cheese.  There is no longer any reason to appease the atheistic worldview and the uniformitarian, long periods of time!  We now have new information about DNA, mutations, chemistry, physics, dating methods, geology and a great deal of young Earth/Universe evidence that refutes every postulation the atheists have put forth as “irrefutable science” for support of unbiblical ideas about origins.  Christian leaders can now accept what Genesis has told them all along, with absolute confidence, particularly in light of Dr. Russell Humphreys’ application of the White Hole theory in cosmology, as it relates to creation and starlight. 

The Church has made unnecessary concessions in an attempt to create a synthesis between the Bible and the atheistic propaganda presented as “science”.  Ironically, many Christians say they stand on the authority of the word of God, yet they readily accept an “interpretation” other than what is literally stated in the context of the Hebrew language used in Genesis for creation.  This compromise was never necessary and it has cost the Church dearly.

It is imperative for a three-fold counterattack to be launched immediately, to expose and heal the lethal disease of Atheism that has infected the minds of the vast majority of the precious people on this planet.  First, human kind must be given the opportunity to see just how intellectually impoverished any religious belief based upon the atheistic worldview actually is, in order to successfully unmask and uproot it at its foundational level.  Second, the atheists’ attempt to rewrite history needs to be exposed as a perverted revision of the true history.  Atheism added in a counterfeit of long periods of time and labeled it as a “prehistory”, which was intended to replace the pre-flood era (and it has largely succeeded in doing so, in most people’s brainwashed thinking).  Third, we need to focus on the actual definition of what science is and how scientific laws cannot be violated by atheistic, pseudo-scientific “theories” and hypotheses, regardless of which “expert” may present them to us.

This book defines the subjective belief system of Atheism and compares it to the objective biblical worldview.  Additionally, a basic exposure of several scientific laws foundational to life are presented, revealing how the atheists have freely violated good science in postulating their theories and beliefs, upon which they base the rest of their thinking.  If one starts with an incorrect foundation, then everything that is built upon it is meaningless.  This book will prove that the foundational premises of Atheism are as trustworthy as quicksand.

This material will be an effective way for sincere people who are not afraid of the truth to expose the fraud of Atheism and free millions of minds and hearts from the bondage of its deception and darkness.  Science, history, proper exegesis, and plain logic are now all on the side of the biblical worldview!  If the Church will choose to deal with its mistakes and move forward, it has a tremendous opportunity to reverse the damage and see a revival that will shake the gates of Hell itself!  If the Church hesitates or hangs on to the old and outmoded ideas of the past, it may likely lose those remaining 9% of teens that still believe in absolute truth, along with the entire Western culture. 

Many may be tempted to skip forward to the chapters on science that deal with the atheistic pseudo-science, in a desire to get to the root of the scientific issues and obtain factual and effective “ammo” to deal with all the lies the atheists are presenting to the public as “truth”.  But unless one is able to grasp the bigger picture and explain why Atheism is a dishonest, subjective and irrational religion, based on a bankrupt and destructive philosophy, that individual will only possess one half of the actual information they need to displace the atheistic superstitions oppressing people’s minds in the world today.  Exposing the false religion of Atheism is the key that will unlock the door for people to be able to understand objective truth, which is supported by real science. This will allow a stark distinction between the clever lies of pseudo-science that the atheists hide behind and the truth of real science and actual history, which will free every honest person from Darwin’s great evolutionary deception.



*Barna Research Group, Ventura, CA 93003.  Americans Are Most Likely to Base Truth on Feelings

The Ten Dangers Of Theistic Evolution

10 Dangers of Theistic Evolution

By Dr. Werner GITT

 The atheistic formula for evolution is:

Evolution = matter + evolutionary factors (chance and necessity + mutation + selection + isolation + death) + very long time periods.

In the theistic evolutionary view, God is added:

Theistic evolution = matter + evolutionary factors (chance and necessity + mutation + selection + isolation + death) + very long time periods + God.

In the theistic evolutionary system, God is not the omnipotent Lord of all things, whose Word has to be taken seriously by all men, but He is integrated into the evolutionary philosophy. This leads to 10 dangers for Christians.1

Danger NO. 1 … Misrepresentation of the Nature of God

The Bible reveals God to us as our Father in Heaven, who is absolutely perfect (Matthew 5:48), holy (Isaiah 6:3), and omnipotent (Jeremiah 32:17). The Apostle John tells us that “God is love”, “light”, and “life” (1 John 4:16; 1:5; 1:1-2). When this God creates something, His work is described as “very good” (Genesis 1:31) and “perfect” (Deuteronomy 32:4).

Theistic evolution gives a false representation of the nature of God because death and ghastliness are ascribed to the Creator as principles of creation. (Progressive creationism, likewise, allows for millions of years of death and horror before sin.)

Danger NO. 2 … God becomes a God of the Gaps

The Bible states that God is the Prime Cause of all things. “But to us there is but one God, the Father, of whom are all things … and one Lord Jesus Christ, by whom are all things, and we by Him” (1 Corinthians 8:6).

However, in theistic evolution the only workspace allotted to God is that part of nature which evolution cannot “explain” with the means presently at its disposal. In this way He is reduced to being a “god of the gaps” for those phenomena about which there are doubts. This leads to the view that “God is therefore not absolute, but He Himself has evolved – He is evolution”.2

Danger NO. 3 … Denial of Central Biblical Teachings

The entire Bible bears witness that we are dealing with a source of truth authored by God (2 Timothy 3:16), with the Old Testament as the indispensable “ramp” leading to the New Testament, like an access road leads to a motor freeway (John 5:39). The biblical creation account should not be regarded as a myth, a parable, or an Allegory, but as a historical report, because:

·         Biological, astronomical and anthropological facts are given in didactic [teaching] form.

·         In the Ten Commandments God bases the six working days and one day of rest on the same time-span as that described in the creation account (Exodus 20:8-11).

·         In the New Testament Jesus referred to facts of the creation (e.g. Matthew 19:4-5).

·         Nowhere in the Bible are there any indications that the creation account should be understood in any other way than as a factual report.

The doctrine of theistic evolution undermines this basic way of reading the Bible, as vouched for by Jesus, the prophets and the Apostles. Events reported in the Bible are reduced to mythical imagery, and an understanding of the message of the Bible as being true in word and meaning is lost.

Danger NO. 4 … Loss of the Way for Finding God

The Bible describes man as being completely ensnared by sin after Adam’s fall (Romans 7:18-19). Only those persons who realize that they are sinful and lost will seek the Saviour who “came to save that which was lost” (Luke 19:10).

However, evolution knows no sin in the biblical sense of missing one’s purpose (in relation to God). Sin is made meaningless, and that is exactly the opposite of what the Holy Spirit does – He declares sin to be sinful. If sin is seen as a harmless evolutionary factor, then one has lost the key for finding God, which is not resolved by adding “God” to the evolutionary scenario.

Danger NO. 5 … The Doctrine of God’s Incarnation is Undermined

The incarnation of God through His Son Jesus Christ is one of the basic teachings of the Bible. The Bible states that “The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us” (John 1:14), “Christ Jesus … was made in the likeness of men” (Philippians 2:5-7).

The idea of evolution undermines this foundation of our salvation. Hoimar von<teler Ditfurt discusses the incompatibility of Jesus’ incarnation and evolutionary thought: “Consideration of evolution inevitably forces us to a critical review … of Christian formulations. This clearly holds for the central Christian concept of the ‘incarnation’ of God … “.3 </teler

Danger NO. 6 … The Biblical Basis of Jesus’ Work of Redemption Mythologized

The Bible teaches that the first man’s fall into sin was a real event and that this was the direct cause of sin in the world: “Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned” (Romans 5:12).

Theistic evolution does not acknowledge Adam as the first man, nor that he was created directly from “the dust of the ground” by God (Genesis 2:17). Most theistic evolutionists regard the creation account as being merely a mythical tale, albeit with some spiritual significance. However, the sinner Adam and the Saviour Jesus are linked together in the Bible – Romans 5:16-18. Thus any view mythologizes Adam undermines the biblical basis of Jesus’ work of redemption.

Danger NO. 7 … Loss of Biblical Chronology

The Bible provides us with a time-scale for history and this underlies a proper understanding of the Bible. This time-scale includes:

·         The time-scale cannot be extended indefinitely into the past, nor into the future. There is a well-defined beginning in Genesis 1:1, as well as a moment when physical time will end (Matthew 24:14).

·         The total duration of creation was six days (Exodus 20:11).

·         The age of the universe may be estimated in terms of the genealogies recorded in the Bible (but note that it can not be calculated exactly). It is of the order of several thousand years, not billions.

·         Galatians 4:4 points out the most outstanding event in the world’s history: “But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth His Son.” This happened nearly 2,000 years ago.

·         The return of Christ in power and glory is the greatest expected future event.

Supporters of theistic evolution (and progressive creation) disregard the biblically given measures of time in favour of evolutionist time-scales involving billions of years both past and future (for which there are no convincing physical grounds). This can lead to two errors:

Not all statements of the Bible are to be taken seriously.

Vigilance concerning the second coming of Jesus may be lost.

Danger NO. 8 … Loss of Creation Concepts

Certain essential creation concepts are taught in the Bible. These include:

  • God created matter without using any available material.
  • God created the earth first, and on the fourth day He added the moon, the solar system, our local galaxy, and all other star systems. This sequence conflicts with all ideas of “cosmic evolution”, such as the “big bang” cosmology.

Theistic evolution ignores all such biblical creation principles and replaces them with evolutionary notions, thereby contradicting and opposing God’s omnipotent acts of creation.

Danger NO. 9 … Misrepresentation of Reality

The Bible carries the seal of truth, and all its pronouncements are authoritative – whether they deal with questions of faith and salvation, daily living, or matters of scientific importance.

Evolutionists brush all this aside, e.g. Richard Dawkins says, “Nearly all peoples have developed their own creation myth, and the Genesis story is just the one that happened to have been adopted by one particular tribe of Middle Eastern herders. It has no more special status than the belief of a particular West African tribe that the world was created from the excrement of ants”.4

If evolution is false, then numerous sciences have embraced false testimony. Whenever these sciences conform with evolutionary views, they misrepresent reality. How much more then a theology which departs from what the Bible says and embraces evolution!

Danger NO. 10 … Missing the Purpose

In no other historical book do we find so many and such valuable statements of purpose for man as in the Bible. For example:

Man is God’s purpose in creation (Genesis 1:27-28).

Man is the purpose of God’s plan of redemption (Isaiah 53:5).

Man is the purpose of the mission of God’s Son

We are the purpose of God’s inheritance (Titus 3:7).

Heaven is our destination (1 Peter 1:4).

However, the very thought of purposefulness is anathema to evolutionists. “Evolutionary adaptations never follow a purposeful program, they thus cannot be regarded as teleonomical.”5 Thus a belief system such as theistic evolution that marries purposefulness with non-purposefulness is a contradiction in terms.


The doctrines of creation and evolution are so strongly divergent that reconciliation is totally impossible. The theistic evolutionists attempt to integrate the two doctrines; however, such syncretism reduces the message of the Bible to insignificance. The conclusion is inevitable: There is no support for theistic evolution in the Bible.


This article has been adapted from chapter 8, “The Consequences of Theistic Evolution”, from Dr. Gitt’s book, Did God use Evolution? Christ lichest Literature Verbreitung Postfachost 11 01 35. Bielefeldel, Germany.

Die Selbst organisation is at Universums Munchen, 1979, p. 412.

Wirlsind indnicht nurcht ndieser  WeltMunchen, 1984, pp. 21-22

Richard Dawkins, The Blind Watchmaker, Penguin Books, London, 1986, p. 316.

Biologists Rundschaunds, 25 (1987), S.7-26, p. 19.


* This section is adapted from Gitt’s, Did God Use Evolution?, pp. 13-16, 24.

The following evolutionary assumptions are generally applicable to theistic evolution:

The basic principle, evolution, is taken for granted.

It is believed that evolution is a universal principle.

As far as scientific laws are concerned, there is no difference between the origin of the earth and all life and its subsequent development (the principle of uniformity).

Evolution relies on processes that allow increases in organization from the simple to the complex, from non-life to life, and from lower to higher forms of life.

The driving forces of evolution are mutation, selection, isolation, and mixing. Chance and necessity, long time epochs, ecological changes, and death are additional indispensable factors.

The time line is so prolonged that anyone can have as much time as he/she likes for the process of evolution.

The present is the key to the past.

There was a smooth transition from non-life to life.

Evolution will persist into the distant future.

In addition to these evolutionary assumptions, three additional beliefs apply to theistic evolution:

God used evolution as a means of creating.

The Bible contains no usable or relevant ideas which can be applied in present-day origins science.

Evolutionistic pronouncements have priority over biblical statements. The Bible must be reinterpreted when and wherever it contradicts the present evolutionary world view.


PROFESSOR GITT – received his doctorate summa cum laude, together with the prest Borchersorchers Medal, from the Technical University of Aachen, Germany, in 1970. He is now Director and Professor at the German Federal Institute of Physikalisch  Technisch Bundesanstalt). He has written numerous scientific papers in the field of information science, numerical mathematics, and control engineering, as well as several popular books, some of which have been translated into Bulgarian, Czech, English, Finnish, French, Hungarian, Italian, Polish and Russian.

(Article –

The Gap And Ruin Reconstruction Theory 


What is the “Gap Theory?”, its origin and history?


Many people have tried to place a gap of indeterminate time between the first two verses of Genesis chapter 1. There are many different versions as to what supposedly happened in this “gap” of time. Most versions of the “gap” theory place millions of years of geologic time (including billions of fossil animals) in between these two first verses of Genesis. This is the “ruin-reconstruction” version of the gap theory.

However, this undermines the gospel as it allows for death, bloodshed, disease, and suffering before Adam’s sin. Because most “ruin-reconstruction” theorists have accepted the millions of years dating for the fossil record, they have thus allowed the fallible theories of scientists to determine the meaning of Scripture.

Some put the fall of Satan in this supposed period. But any rebellion of Satan during this gap of time contradicts God’s description of His completed creation on day six as all being “very good” (Genesis 1:31).

All versions of the gap theory impose outside ideas on Scripture and thus open the door for further compromise.

These are the verses where there is supposed to be a gap:

“In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. And the earth was without form, and empty; and the darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved on the face of the waters” (Genesis 1:1-2).

Where did the “gap theory” come from?

There have been many attempts over the years to harmonize the Genesis account of creation with accepted geology (and its teaching of billions of years for the age of the earth), such as “theistic evolution” and “progressive creation.”

The gap theory was another significant attempt by Christian theologians to reconcile the time scale of world history found in Genesis with the popular belief that geologists provide “undeniable” evidence that the world is exceedingly old (billions of years).

Thomas Chalmers (1780-1847), a notable Scottish theologian and first moderator of the Free Church of Scotland, was perhaps the man most responsible for the gap theory. The idea can be traced back to the rather obscure writings of the Episcopius (1583-1643), and was first recorded from one of Chalmers’ lectures in 1814. Rev. William Buckland, a geologist, did much to popularize the idea.

Although Chalmers’ writings give very little information about the gap theory, many of the details are obtained from other writers such as the 19th century geologist Hugh Miller, who quoted from Chalmers’ lectures on the subject.

This ruin-reconstruction view is held by many who use Bible study aids such as the Scofield Reference Bible, Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible, and The Newberry Reference Bible.

The most notably influential 19th century writer to popularize this view Pember, in his book Earth’s Earliest Ages, first published in 1884. Numerous editions of this work were published, with the 15th edition appearing in 1942.

The 20th century writer who published the most academic defense of the gap theory was Art Custanceu in his work Without Form and Void.

The basic reason for developing and promoting the gap theory can be seen from the following very telling quotes:

Scofield Study Bible: Relegate fossils to the primitive creation, and no conflict of science with the Genesis cosmogony remains.

Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible: When men finally agree on the age of the earth, then place the many years (over the historical 6,000) between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2, there will be no conflict between the Book of Genesis and science.

The above quotes are typical of the many compromise positions — accepting so-called “science” and its long ages for the earth, and incorporating this into Scripture.

A Testimony of Struggle

Reco Pember’s struggle helps us understand the implications of the gap theory. The following is based on or quoted from his book Earth’s Earliest Ages.

“For, by skillfully blending their own systems with the truths of Scripture, they so bewildered the minds of the multitude that but few retained the power of distinguishing the revelation of God from the craftily interwoven teachings of men.”

And the result is that inconsistent and unsound interpretations have been handed down from generation to generation, and received as if they were integral parts of the Scriptures themselves; while any texts which seemed violently opposed were allegorized, spiritualized, or explained away, till they ceased to be troublesome, or perchance, were even made subservient.

He then warns Christians:

“For, if we be observant and honest, we must often ourselves feel the difficulty of approaching the sacred writings without bias, seeing that we bring with us a number of stereotyped ideas, which we have received as absolutely certain, and never think of testing, but only seek to confirm.”

What happened with Pember should warn us that no matter how great a theologian we may be, or how respected and knowledgeable a Christian leader, as finite sinful human beings we cannot easily empty ourselves of preconceived ideas. We see Pember did exactly what he preached against, and did not realize it. Such is the ingrained nature of the “long ages” issue. He did not want to question Scripture (he accepted the six literal days of creation), but he did not question the long ages either (perhaps he just took the word of Chalmers, who was a highly respected Christian). So, he struggled with what to do. Many of today’s respected Christian leaders show the same struggle in their commentaries as they then capitulate to “progressive creation” or even “theistic evolution.”

For, as the fossil remains clearly show not only were disease and death — inseparable companions of sin — then prevalent among the living creatures of the earth, but even ferocity and slaughter.

He understood there could be no carnivores before sin:

On the Sixth Day God pronounced everything which He had made to be very good, a declaration which would seem altogether inconsistent with the present condition of the animal as well as the vegetable kingdom. Again: He gave the green herb alone for food “to every beast of the field, and to every fowl of the air, and to everything that creepeth upon the earth.” There were, therefore, no carnivora in the sinless world. 

Since, then, the fossil remains are those of creatures anterior to Adam, and yet show evident tokens of disease, death, and mutual destruction, they must have belonged to another world, and have a sin-stained history of their own.

Thus, in trying to reconcile the long ages with Scripture, Pember justifies the gap theory:

There is room for any length of time between the first and second verses of the Bible. And again; since we have no inspired account of geological formations, we are at liberty to believe that they were developed just in the order which we find them. The whole process took place in pre-Adamite times, in connection, perhaps, with another race of beings, and, consequently, does not at present concern us.

With this background, let us consider this gap theory in detail. Basically, this theory incorporates three strands of thought:

A literal view of Genesis.

Belief in an extremely long but unidentified age for the earth.

An obligation to fit the origin of most of the geologic strata and other geologic evidence between Genesis 1:1 and 1:2. Gap theorists oppose evolution, but believe in an ancient origin of the universe.

There are many variations of the gap theory. According to Fields, the theory can be summarized as follows:

In the far distant dateless past, God created a perfect heaven and perfect earth. Satan was ruler of the earth, which was peopled by a race of “men” without any souls. Eventually, Satan, who dwelled in a garden of Eden composed of minerals (Ezekiel 28), rebelled by desiring to become like God (Isaiah 14). Because of Satan’s fall, sin entered the universe and brought on the earth God’s judgment in the form of a flood (indicated by the water of 1:2), and then a global ice age when the light and heat from the sun were somehow removed.

All the plant, animal, and human fossils upon the earth today date from this “Lucifer’s flood” and do not bear any genetic relationship with the plants, animals, and fossils living upon the earth today.

Some versions of the gap theory state that the fossil record (geologic column) formed over millions of years, and then God destroyed the earth with a catastrophe (Lucifer’s flood) that left it “without form and void.”

Western Bible commentaries written before the 18th century, and before the belief in a long age for the earth became popular, knew nothing of any gap between Genesis 1:1 and Genesis 1:2. Certainly some commentaries proposed intervals of various lengths of time for reasons relating to Satan’s fall, but none proposed a “ruin-reconstruction” situation, or pre-Adamite world.

In the 19th century, it became popular to believe that the geological changes occurred slowly, and roughly at the present rate (Uniformitarianism). With increased acceptance of Uniformitarianism, many theologians urged reinterpretation of Genesis (with ideas such as day-age, “progressive” creation, theistic evolution, days-of-revelation, etc. – see Six Days? Honestly!).


Is the “gap theory” an acceptable way to harmonize the Bible and the geologic record?

The ruin-and-reconstruction theory (also called the “gap theory“) places a gap of indeterminate time between the first two verses of Genesis chapter 1. This supposed “gap” has been used to try to harmonize the Bible with the supposed millions of years of the geologic record. (Learn about the source and history of this theory – Go…)

Problems with the Gap Theory

It is inconsistent with God creating everything in six days, as Scripture states.

Exodus 20:11 says, “For in six days the Lord made the heavens and earth, the sea, and all that is in them, and rested the seventh day. Therefore, the Lord blessed the Sabbath day, and made it holy”. Thus, the creation of the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1) and the sea and all that is in them (the rest of creation) was completed in six days.   Where is there time for a gap?

It puts death, disease, and suffering before the Fall, contrary to Scripture.

From Romans 5:12, “Therefore, even as through one man [Adam] sin entered the world, and death by sin, and so death passed on all men inasmuch as have sinned,” we understand that there could not have been human sin or death before Adam. The Bible teaches (1 Corinthians 15) that Adam was the first man, and as a result of his rebellion (sin), death and corruption (disease, bloodshed, and suffering) entered the universe. Before Adam sinned, there could not have been any (nephesh) animal or human death. Note also that there could not have been a race of men before Adam that died in “Lucifer’s flood” because 1 Corinthians 15:45 tells us that Adam was the “first” man.

Genesis 1:29-30 teaches us that the animals and man were originally created vegetarian. This is consistent with God’s description of the creation as “very good.” How could a fossil record, which gives evidence of disease, violence, death, and decay (fossils have been found of animals apparently fighting and certainly eating each other), be described as “very good”? Thus, the death of billions of animals (and many humans) as seen in the fossil record must have occurred after Adam’s sin. The historical event of Noah’s flood, recorded in Genesis, provides an explanation for the presence of huge numbers of dead animals buried in rock layers laid down by water all over the earth.

Romans 8:22 teaches us that, “we know that the whole creation groans and travails in pain together until now.” Clearly the whole of creation was, and is, subject to decay and corruption because of sin. The fossil record shows disease, decay, and death. When gap theorists believe that disease, decay, and death existed before Adam sinned, they ignore that this contradicts the teaching of Scripture.

The version of the gap theory that puts Satan’s fall at the end of the geological ages, just before the supposed pre-Adamic Lucifer’s flood, has a further problem — the death and suffering recorded in the fossils must have been God’s fault. As it happened before Satan’s fall, Satan and sin cannot be blamed for it.

The gap theory is logically inconsistent because it explains away what it is supposed to accommodate — supposed evidence for an old earth.

Gap theorists accept that the earth is very old. They base this on geologic evidence interpreted with the assumption that the present is the key to the past. This assumption implies that in the past, sediments containing fossils formed at basically the same rate as they do today. This is also used by most geologists and biologists to justify belief in the “geologic column” as represented by billions of years of earth history. This geologic column has become the showcase of evolution because the fossils are claimed to show “ascent” from simple to complex forms.

This places gap theorists in a dilemma. Committed to literal creation because of their acceptance of a “literal” view of Genesis, they cannot accept the conclusions of evolution based on the geologic column. Nor can they accept that the days in the Genesis record correspond to geologic periods. So, they propose that God reshaped the earth and re-created all life in six literal days after “Lucifer’s flood” (which produced fossils); hence the name “ruin-reconstruction.” Satan’s sin supposedly caused this flood and the resulting judgment upon that sin reduced the previous world to a state of being “without form and void.”

While the gap theorist may think Lucifer’s flood solves the problem, this actually removes the reason for the theory in the first place. If all, or most, of the sediments and fossils were produced quickly in one massive worldwide Lucifer’s flood, then the main “evidence” that the earth is extremely old (based on the assumed slow formation of the sediments) no longer exists.

Also, if the world was reduced to a shapeless chaotic mess, as gap theorists propose, how could a reasonably ordered assemblage of fossils and sediments remain as evidence? Surely with such chaos the fossil record would have been severely disrupted, if not entirely destroyed. (This argument also applies to those who say the fossil record formed over hundreds of millions of years before this so-called “Lucifer’s flood,” which would have severely rearranged things.)


The gap theory does away with the evidence for Noah’s flood.

If the fossil record was formed by “Lucifer’s flood,” then what did the global flood of Noah do? On this point the gap theorist is forced to conclude that Noah’s flood left virtually no trace. To be consistent, the gap theorist would have to defend Noah’s flood as a local circumstance, one of the major proponents of the gap theory, did this. He even published a paper defending a local flood.

Genesis, however, depicts Noah’s flood as a judgment for man’s sin (Genesis 6). Water flooded the earth for over a year (Genesis 6:17 and 7:19-24). Only eight people, and air-breathing, land-dwelling animals with them on the ark, survived. (Genesis 7:23).

Sadly, in relegating the fossil record to the supposed “gappists” have removed the evidence for God’s judgment on the violent pre-flood world in the graveyard of the flood. The fossils buried by the flood should warn us of God’s judgment to come on sinful humans (2 Peter 3:2-14).


The gap theorist ignores the evidence for a young earth.

The true gap theorist also ignores evidence consistent with an age for the earth of less than 10,000 years. There is much evidence for this — the decay and rapid reversals of the earth’s magnetic field; the quantity of helium in the earth’s atmosphere; the amount of salt in the oceans; the wind-up of spiral galaxies; and much more.

The gap theory fails to accommodate standard uniformitarian geology with its long ages anyway.

Today’s uniformitarian geologists allow for no worldwide flood of any kind — the imaginary Lucifer’s flood, or Noah’s real flood. They also recognize no break between the supposed former created world and the current re-created world.

Most importantly, the gap theory undermines the gospel at its foundations.

By accepting an ancient age for the earth (based on the standard uniformitarian interpretation of the geologic column), gap theorists leave the evolutionary system intact (which by their own assumptions they oppose).

Even worse, they must also theorize that Romans 5:12 and Genesis 3:3 refer only to spiritual death. But this contradicts other Scriptures (1 Corinthians 15; Genesis 3:22-23). These passages tell us that Adam’s sin led to physical death as well as spiritual death. In 1 Corinthians 15 the death of the last Adam (the Lord Jesus Christ) is compared with the death of the first Adam. Jesus suffered physical death for man’s sin, because Adam, the first man, died physically because of sin. Genesis 3:22-23 tells us that if Adam and Eve could have partaken of the fruit of the Tree of Life, they would have lived forever, but God decreed that they should die physically because of their sin.

In placing on man the curse of physical death, God provided a way to redeem man through the person of His Son Jesus Christ, who suffered the curse of death on the cross for us. “He tasted death for every man” (Hebrews 2:9). By becoming the perfect sacrifice for our sin and rebellion, He conquered death. He took the penalty that should rightly have been ours at the hands of a righteous judge, and bore it in His own body on the cross. All who believe in Jesus Christ as Lord and Savior are received back to God to spend eternity with Him. That is the message of Christianity. To believe there was death before Adam’s sin destroys the basis of the Christian message, because the Bible states that man’s rebellious actions led to death and the corruption of the universe (Romans 8:19-22). Thus, the gap theory undermines the foundations of Christianity.

Genesis records a catastrophe that destroyed all organisms that had the “breath of life in them” except for those preserved in Noah’s ark. Christ refers to Noah’s flood in Matthew 24:37-39, and the apostle Peter writes that, just as there was once a global judgment of mankind by water, so there will be another worldwide judgment by fire (2 Peter 3).

It is more consistent with the whole framework of Scripture to attribute most fossils to Noah’s flood than to resort to a strained interpretation of the fall of Satan and a totally speculative catastrophe that contributes nothing to biblical understanding, or to science.

Moreover, advocating death before Adam sinned contradicts the clear teaching of Scripture that death came only after Adam sinned and made man’s redemption necessary.

A Closer Look at Genesis 1:1-2

The earliest available manuscript of Genesis 1:1-2 is found in the Greek translation of the Old Testament, the Septuagint (LXX), prepared about 250-200 B.C. The LXX does not permit the reading of any “ruin-reconstruction” scenario into these verses. A closer look at these verses reveals that the gap theory imposes an interpretation upon Genesis 1:1-2 which is unnatural, and grammatically unsound. Like many attempts to harmonize the Bible with uniformitarian geology’s supposed long ages of earth history, the gap theory involves a well-meant but misguided twisting of Scripture.

In the following we deal with the five major issues of interpretation bearing on the gap theory. For a much fuller analysis, we recommend the book Unformed and Unfilled.

Creating and making (Hebrew: baasah)

It is generally acknowledged that the Hebrew word bara, used with “God” as its subject, means “to create” — in the sense of the production of something which did not exist before.

However, in the Fourth Commandment God “madasah) the heavens and the earth and everything in them in six days (Exodus 20:11). If God made everything in six days then there is clearly no room for a gap. To avoid this clear scriptural testimony against any gap, gap theorists have alleged tasahasah cannot mean “to create,” but to “form” or even “re-form.” They claim that Exodus 20:11 refers not to six days of creation, but six days of re-forming a ruined world.

Is there such a difference between bara asahasah in biblical usage? A number of verses show that whasahasah may mean “to do,” or “to make,” it can also mean “to create,” the same as bara. For example, Nehemiah 9:6 states that God maasahasah) “heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things in it, the seas, and all in them.” The reference is obviously to the original ex nihilo creation, but the wasahasah is used. (We may safely assume that no<teleri “gappist” will want to say that Nehemiah 9:6 refers to the supposed “reconstruction,” because if it did “gappist” would have to include the geological strata as well, thereby depriving the whole theory of any purpose.) </teleri

The fact is that the words bara asahasah are often used interchangeably in the Old Testament; indeed, in some places they are used in synonymous parallelism (e.g., Genesis 1:26-27; Exodus 34:10; Isaiah 41:20; 43:7).

Applying this conclusion to Exodus 20:11 (cf. 31:17) as well as Nehemiah 9:6, we see that Scripture teaches that God created the universe (everything) in six days, as outlined in Genesis 1.

The Grammar of Genesis 1:1-2

Many adherents of the gap theory claim that the grammar of Genesis 1:1-2 allows, even requires, a time-gap between what happened in verse 1, and what happened in verse 2. Into this gap — believed to be billions of years — they want to place all the major geological phenomena that have shaped the world.

This is a most unnatural interpretation, which is not suggested by the plain meaning of the text. The most straightforward reading of the verses sees verse 1 as a subject-and-verb-clause, with verse 2 containing three “circumstantial clauses” — that is, three statements further describing the circumstances introduced by the principal clause in verse 1.

This conclusion is reinforced by the grammar Genius. He says that the conjunct waw (“and”) at the beginning of verse 2 is “waw copulative,” which compares with the old English expression “to wit.”

This grammatical connection between verses 1 and 2 thus rules out the gap theory. Verse 2 is in fact a description of the state of the originally created earth: “And the earth was without form, and empty” (Genesis 1:2).

“Was” or “Became”?

was without form and empty” as “the earth became [or, “had become”] without form and empty.” At stake is the translation of the Hebrew word hayetah (a form of the Hebrew verb hayah, “to be”).

hayetah must mean “became” and not simply “was.”

Note again that the meaning of a word is controlled by its context, and that in the previous section we showed that verse 2 is circumstantial to verse 1. Thus, “was” is the most natural and appropriate translation hayetah. It is rendered this way in most English versions (as well as the LXX). Furthermore, in Genesis hayetah is not followed by the preposition le, which would have removed any ambiguity in the Hebrew and required the translation “became.”

Tohu Bohu

These delightful words are usually translated “formless and empty” (Genesis 1:2). They imply that the original universe was created unformed and unfilled and was, during six days, formed and filled by God’s creative actions.

imports into Genesis 1 interpretations found in other parts of the Old Testament with very different contexts (namely, Isaiah 34:11 and Jeremiah 4:23).

Tohu Bohuappear together only in the three above-mentioned places of the Old Testament. However, tohu appears alone in a number of other places and in all cases simply means “formless.” The word itself does not tell us about the cause of formlessness; this has to be gleaned from the context. Isaiah 45:18 (often quote “gappists”) is rendered in the KJV “he created it not in vain [tohu], he formed it to be inhabited.” In the context, Isaiah is speaking about Israel, God’s people, and His grace in restoring them. He did not choose His people in order to destroy them, but to be their God and they His people. Isaiah draws an analogy with God’s purpose in creation: He did not create the world for it to be empty! No, He created it to be formed and filled, a suitable abode for “Gappistsa” miss the point altogether when they argue that because Isaiah says God did not create the world tohu, it must have become tohu at some later time. Isaiah 45:18 is about God’s purpose in creating, not about the original state of creation.

Though the expression tohu bohuin Isaiah 34:11 and Jeremiah 4:23 speaks of a formlessness and emptiness resulting from divine judgment for sin, this meaning is not implicit in the expression itself, but it is gained from the particular contexts in which it occurs. It is not valid therefore to infer that same meaning into Genesis 1:2, where the context does not suggest it. As an analogy, we might think of a word like “blank,” in reference to a computer screen. It can be blank because nothing has been typed on the keyboard, or it can be blank because the screen was erased. The word “blank” does not suggest, in itself, the reason why the screen is blank. It is likewise “formless and empty” — this can be due to the earth not yet being formed and filled, or it could be due to something becoming that way through judgment, for example.

Theologians call the form of use of tohu bohu in Isaiah 34:11 and Jeremiah 4:23 a “verbal allusion.” These passages on judgment allude to the formless and empty earth at the beginning of creation to suggest the extent of God’s judgment to come. God’s judgment will be so complete that the result will be like the earth before it was formed and filled — formless and empty. This does not imply that the state of the creation in Genesis 1:2 was arrived at by some sort of judgment or destruction as imagined by gappists. As theologian Robert Chisholm Jr. wrote, “By the way, allusion only works one way. It is unwarranted to assume that Jeremiah’s use of the phrase in a context of judgment implies some sort of judgment in the context of Genesis 1:2… Jeremiah is not interpreting the meaning of Genesis 1:2.”

The gap theory imposes an interpretation upon Genesis 1:1-2 which is unnatural, and grammatically unsound.


Genesis 1:28 to justify the gap theory on the basis that this word means “refill.” Thus, they claim that God told Adam and Eve to “refill” the earth, implying it was once before filled with people (the Adamites).

However, this is wrong. In the Hebrew, the word translated “replenish,” male, simply means “fill” (or “fulfil” or “be filled”).

The English word “replenish” meant fill from the 13th to the 17th centuries. Then it changed to mean “refill.” As the KJV was published in 1611, the translators used the English word “replenish,” which at the time meant only “fill,” not “refill.”

The Straightforward Meaning of Genesis 1:1-2

The gap (or “ruin-reconstruction”) theory is based on a very tenuous interpretation of Scripture.

The simple, straightforward meaning of Genesis 1:1-2 is that when God at the beginning created the earth it was initially formless, empty, and dark, and God’s Spirit was there above the waters. It was through His creative energy that the world was then progressively “formed and filled” during the remaining six days of creation.

Consider the analogy of a potter making a vase. The first thing he does is get a ball of clay. What he has is good, but it is unformed. Next, he shapes it into a vase, using his potter’s wheel. Now it is no longer formless. He then might dry it, apply glaze, and fire it. Now it is ready to be filled — with flowers and water. At no time could one of the stages be considered evil or bad. It was just not finished — unformed and unfilled. When it was finally formed and filled, it could be described as “very good.”

God, of course, did not have to take six days to create everything, but he did this deliberately as a pattern for us — for our seven-day week.


Many sincere Christians have invented reinterpretations of Scripture to avoid conflicts with “scientific” ideas. The gap theory was one such reinterpretation designed to fit in with scientific concepts that arose in the early 1800s and are still popular today.

In reality though, the gap theory was an effective “anesthetic” that put the church to sleep for over one hundred years. When the children who learned this compromise position went on to higher education, they were shocked to discover that this theory explained nothing. They thus accepted the only remaining “respectable” theory, evolution (which went hand in hand with millions of years). The results were usually disastrous for their faith.

Today, other compromise positions like “progressive creation” or “theistic evolution” have, by and large, replaced the gap theory “gappists,” by attempting to maintain a literal Genesis but adhering to the long ages (millions of years), opened the door for greater compromise in the next generation — the reinterpretation of the days, God used evolution, etc.

But whether it be a “gap theory,” “progressive creation,” or “theistic evolution,” the results are the same. These positions may be acceptable in some churches, but the learned in the secular world will, with some justification, mock those who hold them — they see the inconsistencies.

Christians will be derided whatever they believe about Genesis. We can choose to be scoffed at for believing the first book of the Bible as God intended it to be understood, or for believing in a compromise position that undermines the authority of God’s Word.

Edited by Don Batten, Ph.D. / Authors: Ken Ham, JonathSarfati, and Carl Wieland, adapted from The Revised & Expanded Answers Book (Master Books, 2000). / Supplied by Answers in Genesis

Copyright © 1996, 1999, 2000, Answers in Genesis, All Rights Reserved – except as noted on attached “Usage and Copyright” page that ChristianAnswers.Net users’ generous rights for putting this page to work in their homes, personal witnessing, churches and schools. Illustrations and layout copyright, 1999, Eden Communications, PO Box 200, Gilbert AZ 85299

Progressive Creationism

What’s wrong with ‘progressive creation?’
Ken Ham

The ‘progressive creation’ view of Dr Hugh Ross on how to interpret the book of Genesis has received wide publicity and endorsement from many well-known Christian leaders, churches, seminaries, and Christian colleges.

This brief summary of only some of these teachings is meant to familiarize Christians with aspects of the<teleriRossist’ position, including some that are not so well-known. We need to judge these against the absolutes of God’s Word to see ‘whether these things were so.’ (Acts 17:11)</teleri

While Dr Ross is NOT an evolutionist per se, he does accept much of what evolutionists teach in astronomy and geology. We do not seek to pass judgment on his Christian character or commitment to the Lord.

In summary, progressive crRossism teaches:

  • The ‘Big Bang’ origin of the universe occurred 16-billion-years ago; death, bloodshed, and disease existed before Adam & Eve.
  • The days of Creation were long periods.
  • Noah’s Flood was a local event.
  • Sin has only a regionally limited effect on the world.
  • Man-like creatures that behaved much like us—and painted on cave walls—existed before Adam and Eve, but didn’t have a spirit and thus had no salvation.
  • The record of nature is just as perfect as the Word of God.
  • Over millions of years, God created new species as others kept going extinct.

Publisher: Dr. Ross’s books are published by NAVPRESS, the publishing arm of the Navigators. They stated in a press release: ‘We consider it our privilege and our calling to stand behind Hugh Ross with our support as his publisher.’

Progressive Creationism (Rossism) teachings

(The following quotes are all taken from lectures or publications by Dr Ross)

1. Concerning the creation of life in the universe:

‘It only works in a cosmos of a hundred-billion trillion stars that’s precisely sixteen-billion-years old. This is the narrow window of time in which life is possible.

‘Therefore it allows me to make an interesting paraphrase of John 3:16, if you’ll permit—For God so loved the human race that he went to the expense of building a hundred-billion trillion-stars and carefully shaped and crafted them for sixteen-billion years so that at this brief moment in time we could all have a nice place to live.’ (Dallas Theological Seminary Chapel Service, September 13, 1996).

Our Comment: Read John 3:16 for yourself and compare it to the above!

Also: ‘Life is only possible when the universe is between 12 and 17 billion years. (Toocoa Falls Christian College, Staley Lecture Series, March 1997)

Comment: God is omnipotent—He could make a fully functional universe ready for life right from the beginning, for with God nothing is impossible. (See Matt. 19:26; Mark 10:27)

2. Dr Ross defending his belief that Noah’s Flood was only local:

‘But here are some reasons why, physical reasons why, the flood cannot be global. Number one is the limited extent of sin. Given that human beings had not yet civilized and inhabited Antarctica, there’d be no need for God to flood Antarctica because there’d be no sin there in Antarctica.

‘There’d be no need for God to kill off all the penguins because those penguins had no contact with reprobate humanity. And in that case, I don’t think Noah took any penguins on board the ark. … Only bird and mammal species, according to the Levitical Law, can be impacted by sin.’ (Toccoa Falls Christian College, Staley Lecture Series, March, 1997)

Comment: Read Genesis 6:19-20; The Bible clearly states here that all kinds of land animals—including penguins—were on the ark. By the way, most penguins live in other parts of the world, including the Galapagos Islands near the Equator!

3. Dr. Ross defining what he calls the ‘sixty-seventh book of the Bible’:

‘Not everyone has been exposed to the sixty-six books of the Bible, but everyone on planet Earth has been exposed to the sixty-seventh book – the book that God has written upon the heavens for everyone to read.

‘And the Bible tells us it’s impossible for God to lie, so the record of nature must be just as perfect, and reliable and truthful as the sixty-six books of the Bible that is part of the Word of God … And so when astronomers tell us [Ross uses the example of scientists attempting to measure distances in space and goes on to say that] it’s part of the truth that God has revealed to us. It actually encompasses part of the Word of God.’ (Toccoa Falls Christian College, Staley Lecture Series March, 1997).

Comment: Indeed God cannot lie, so when He tells us in Romans 8:22 that ‘the whole creation groaneth and travaileth in pain’ because of sin, then how can sinful fallible human beings in a sin-cursed universe say that their interpretation of the evidence is as perfect as God’s written revelation? Scientific assertions must use fallible assumptions and fallen reasoning—how can this be the Word of God?

4. Dr Ross’s Creation story for children states:

‘Starting about 2 to 4 million years ago, God began creating man-like mammals or ‘hominids.’ These creatures stood on two feet, had large brains, and used tools. Some even buried their dead and painted on cave walls.

‘However, they were different from us. They did not worship God or establish religious practices. In time, all these man-like creatures went extinct. Then, about 10 to 25 thousand years ago, God replaced them with Adam and Eve.’ (Reasons To Believe Web Site, updated July 8, 1997)

Comment: Dr Ross accepts and defends the evolutionist radiometric dating methods, so all evidence of humans, descendants of Noah, if given evolutionary dates of more than 25,000 years (eg., The Neanderthal cave sites) must be redefined as related to spirit ‘hominoids’ which the Bible doesn’t mention. However, the same methods have been used to ‘date’ the Australian aborigines back at least 40,000 years (some have claimed much older). By Ross’s reasoning, the Australian aborigines could NOT be descendants of Adam and Eve. However, read Acts 17:26. Interestingly, some scientists now date the American Indians’ ancestors at earlier than 40,000 years.

5. Dr Ross commenting on God’s knowledge and wisdom:

‘The Creator of the universe must be a Being that’s a minimum of a hundred-trillion times better educated, more intelligent, therefore more powerful, more creative, and even more caring and loving than we human beings.’ (Focus on the Family, radio broadcast, August 7, 1997)

Comment: Our Creator is NOT a minimum of a hundred-trillion times better educated! He is INFINITELY more knowledgeable. (See Col. 2:3; Job 21:22, 42:1–6)

6. Dr Ross defending death, bloodshed, disease, and suffering before Adam’s sin:

‘The spilling of blood before Adam’s sin in no way affects or detracts from the doctrine of atonement. Upholding that central doctrine in no way demands a Creation scenario in which none of God’s creatures received a scratch or other blood-letting wound before Adam and Eve sinned … Even in an ideal natural environment animals would be constantly scratched, pricked, bruised, and even killed by accidental events and each other … Could it be that God’s purposes are somehow fulfilled through our experiencing the ‘random, wasteful, inefficiencies’ of the natural realm He created?’ (Creation and Time, Chapters 6 & 8)

Comment: Read Genesis 1:29,30; Genesis 9:3; Genesis 1:31; Genesis 2:17; Genesis 3:17-19; Genesis 3:21; Hebrews 9:22; Romans 5; Romans 8:20-22; 1 Corinthians 15; Acts 3:21; Isaiah 11:6-9; Revelation 21:4; Revelation 22:3.

God created a perfect world at the beginning—all the animals and man were vegetarians (Gen. 1:29). Plants were given for food—they do not have a ‘nephesh’ [life spirit] as man and animals do.

God killed the first animal in the Garden and shed blood because of sin—if there was death, bloodshed, disease and suffering before sin, then the basis for the atonement is destroyed. Christ suffered death, for death was the penalty for sin (Romans 6:23). There will be no death or suffering in the perfect ‘restoration’—so why can’t we accept the same in a perfect (‘very good’) Creation before sin?

7. Dr Ross on Revelation:

‘We’re also told in Revelation 6:9 that Christians who died ahead of us are watching what we’re doing. It’s like they go to heaven and they’re given the equivalent of some kind of TV monitor with a bunch of channels that they can select and they can watch.’ (Focus on the Family, broadcast August 8, 1997)

Comment: Look up Revelation 6:9 for yourself!

8. Dr Ross on space-time dimensions:

‘What follows, then, from string theory and from all these recent findings in particle physics and astrophysics is that God must be operating in a minimum of eleven dimensions of space and time, or their practical equivalent.’ (Beyond The Cosmos, Chapter 8)

Comment: Dr Ross bases much of what he says on ‘string theory,’ which is NOT universally accepted, and is just one of many arcane speculations being discussed by theorists. It is so vague and speculative, and without experimental support, that to use it to apply to defining attributes of God is foolish.

In the same book Dr Ross declares: ‘We are the only people ever to see (or need) direct scientific proof not only for God’s existence, but also for His transcendent capacity to create space and time dimensions, as well as to operate in dimensions independent of our own four.’ (Beyond The Cosmos, chapter 3)

Comment: What about Hebrews 11:3,6? Whatever happened to faith? String theory is NOT proof for God’s existence. Remember Romans 10:17: ‘faith cometh by hearing and hearing by the Word of God.’ The Spirit of God uses the Word of God to bring people to Christ.

A detailed critique of many more<teleri ‘Rossist’ teachings is available in book form: Creation and Time—A Report on the Progressive Creationist Book by Hugh Ross.</teleri